The most intelligent earth social system will focu

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Smart earth: the future of social system focuses on Intellectualization

Guide: many resources in the world are wasted consciously or unconsciously by people in this way. Computer scientists believe that such waste exists because the infrastructure is not yet intelligent

in daily life, people often encounter the waste of resources. The heating is too hot in winter, and residents sometimes have to open windows to cool down; The tap in public places is broken, and the tap water flows until someone comes to repair it; Or the light in the office forgot to turn off, so it was on all night without anyone. World effective force measurement range: 0.4 ~ 100fs many resources in the world are wasted consciously or unconsciously by people

computer scientists believe that such waste exists because the infrastructure is not yet intelligent. 50% of the waste of water resources in the world comes from the leakage of water pipes. In the United States, billions of dollars are wasted every year due to traffic jams. Due to the defects of electricity, the loss of electric energy in the world is as high as 40% - 70%. If the electricity efficiency of the United States can be increased by 5%, the annual emissions of greenhouse gases can be greatly reduced, and the total amount is equivalent to reducing the emissions of 5.3 billion cars

"intellectualization" means that when it comes to the bottleneck of the implementation of energy-saving and environment-friendly new materials in the Chinese market, machines and facilities that can only perform simple work can obtain the ability to communicate with the system, and make rational decisions through the analysis of data, so as to maximize benefits. At present, some developed countries have achieved intellectualization in some fields. In 2009, Samuel J. Palmisano, President of IBM, proposed the concept of "smart earth". At the same time, the economic crisis has led many countries to stimulate the economy by increasing investment in infrastructure, further promoting the construction of intelligent society. 2010 will be a year when new systems such as "smart city" and "smart country" will emerge

the trend of intelligent city construction has been most reflected in the construction of transportation system. In 14 states in the northeast of the United States, many toll stations for manual charging and self-service payment of credit cards have been replaced by EZ pass charging system. After the driver installs an EZ pass sensor card on the vehicle, each time the vehicle passes through the toll station, the sensor system of the toll station will directly collect fees by detecting the sensor card installed in the vehicle. The induction card of EZ pass is connected with the owner's bank account, and the owner can choose to recharge in advance or automatically transfer money from the bank. Before installing EZ pass, vehicles often have to queue up to pay fees, and the EZ pass system allows vehicles to drive directly past the toll station without slowing down, which greatly relieves the traffic pressure

Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, implemented a traffic congestion tax in 2007. The charging system collects fees from drivers entering the urban area during peak hours by analyzing the data of cameras and road sensors, and the price fluctuates between 1 euro and 3 euros. The toll station scans the license plate records and sends the bill to the owner at the end of each month. All fees collected are used for the construction and improvement of urban transportation facilities. After the implementation of this system, the number of vehicles entering Stockholm has been reduced by 20% to 25% during the peak period, and the exhaust emissions have been reduced by 12%

intelligent technology has also been applied in the natural environment. In the "smart bay" project in Galway Bay, Ireland, the system obtains information from sensors installed on hundreds of buoys and text messages from fishermen to understand dangerous objects floating on the water. Information is used in various channels, including avoiding fishing boat accidents, sending flood warnings to the rangerway Bay administrator, and helping fishermen sell their caught fish directly to restaurants so that they can make higher profits

the driving force of intellectualization comes from the development of science and technology. Human communication has undergone great changes since the emergence of the Internet. Traditional letters and telegrams have been replaced by email and instant messaging software. Google Wave, which is still in the testing stage, attempts to integrate multi-channel communication methods and subvert the communication methods of human society again. Similarly, scientists expect to see similar developments in communication between machines. Moore's law, which predicts the speed of information technology progress, holds that under the condition of constant price, the number of transistors that can be accommodated on the integrated circuit will double every 18 months, and the performance will also double; In other words, the computer performance that can be bought at the same price will more than double every 18 months. This doubling of development makes it possible to deal with a huge amount of information

all kinds of instruments and detection and induction devices in the world are collecting new data all the time. The development of information technology also makes data analysis more and more rapid. It is an important step of social intelligence to effectively apply the analytical ability of computers to all fields of society. IBM has developed and launched a stream computing system. The machine using this system can analyze hundreds of data streams in real time, allowing users to respond to environmental changes in a short time. IBM believes that intelligent technology will promote all aspects of society, including giving doctors more comprehensive information to make the best diagnosis, strengthening the supervision of food manufacturing process, and increasing administrative efficiency through e-government network

There are also many obstacles to the realization of an intelligent society. Surprisingly, the level of science and technology is not the main difficulty. The biggest obstacle is system security, because such a system is likely to be attacked by hackers. At the same time, personal privacy has also attracted much attention, and many people feel uneasy about living under the monitoring of various instruments. The complexity of administrative procedures may also lag behind the construction of an intelligent society. The integration of social resources and the intellectualization of the system cannot be separated from the close cooperation of various departments

some people worry that if the machines around us are intelligent, will the earth start to have its own ideas, as described in science fiction movies, thus threatening human survival? Some computer scientists and robotics experts met last year to discuss this problem. However, the designers of the system believe that this is only the content of science fiction. "These systems are designed to operate within a certain range," said Nie Meyerson of IBM. "They won't run around in the grass in your garden." (author: Department of astronomy, Columbia University, USA)

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